It is not unusual for people to ask what the difference is between counselling and psychotherapy. Usually people choose to have counselling because they are experiencing difficulties and distress in their lives Counselling is often time limited and focuses on the immediate or pressing problem. If you are struggling with a particular difficulty and would like to explore it, without enquiring too much into the root causes, counselling may support you.
Psychotherapy has a tendency to be longer term as it seeks to address the deeper issues that lie beneath the presenting difficulties and problems. Psychotherapy can help you understand how past experiences, often from childhood, affect your everyday life and the way you view yourself. This approach takes longer as building up a sense of trust and safety with the therapist needs time to develop. The longer term work involved in psychotherapy often leads to a deeper, more established relationship between client and therapist in which childhood traumas and deep seated issues, that are not easily talked about, can be worked through in a greater sense of safety.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) offers a unique relationship with a trained therapist who will help you to explore the difficulties in your life. It is sometimes called a “talking therapy” as you certainly will spend some time of the appointments talking about yourself and trying to understand how your problems have developed. Time will be given to identify links between current thoughts and behavior and past experiences. However you will also concentrate on finding practical ways to overcome your difficulties using methods that have been scientifically developed and known to be effective. You will have to take an active role in this, often trying out new ways of dealing with things between sessions. CBT emphasizes a collaborative approach to solving your problems and the therapist may go with you to help practice what needs to be done.
EMOTIONALLY FOCUSED THERAPY (EFT)
Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT) is a short term (8 to 20 sessions) structured approach to couples therapy formulated in the 1980’s by Sue Johnson and Les Greenberg. This approach is also used with families and individuals. Interventions in EFT integrate a humanistic, experiential approach to restructuring emotional experience and a systemic structural approach to restructuring interactions. It is based on the first coherent and substantially validated theory of adult love – attachment theory. This explanatory framework allows for a coherent understanding of the drama of distress, the goals of therapy and the key moves and moments that define love relationships. EFT is able to address the strengths of the bond between partners. It views relationship distress as maintained by absorbing states of negative emotion (S. Johnson, 2013)
EMPLOYERS ASSISTANCE COUNSELLING
We provide employee assistance counselling services and run courses in Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for stress reduction in conjunction with insurers and larger businesses. We can provide a bespoke employee assistance programme tailored and adaptable to the developing needs of your business.
Julie is an affiliate psychotherapist for AXA PPP, Aviva, Bupa, Ceridian, PPC Worldwide and The Retail Trust. If you have private healthcare insurance with AXA PPP, AVIVA or BUPA you may be eligible for private psychotherapy. Please check with your insurance company to confirm that therapy is covered by your policy.
Family therapy sessions help people in close relationship, whether in families, couples or other relationship arrangements help each other. It enables people to express and explore difficult thoughts and emotions safely, to understand each other’s experiences and views, appreciate each other’s needs, build on strengths and make useful changes in their relationships and their lives. In family therapy, the aim is not to take sides, blame, judge or provide simple answers. The aim is to work together with the family to find shared understandings and exploring ways forward that work for them.
Eye Movement De-sensitisation and Re-processing (EMDR) is a powerful psychological treatment method. Research has demonstrated that EMDR shows benefits in the treatment of psychological trauma arising from experiences as diverse as military deployment, childhood sexual and/or physical abuse or neglect, natural disaster, assault, surgical trauma, road traffic accidents and workplace accidents. Since its development, EMDR is also used increasingly to help individuals with other difficulties such as panic, phobia, pain and performance anxiety. EMDR has been found to be of benefit to children as well as adults.
EMDR focuses on recalling images. Therefore it involves less talking than other therapies. You are asked to hold an image in mind whilst the therapist uses bi-lateral stimulation – such as tracking a light or the therapist’s finger from side to side or alternate hand tapping. Bilateral stimulation helps the brain to process the memory so as to render it more manageable and less overwhelming. There are frequent, regular breaks during this treatment process to check for any new thoughts or feelings that may arise. EMDR works by effectively freeing up memories, thoughts and feelings at might have become stuck and so facilitates the brain’s natural ability to adaptively process experiences.
Acupuncture is an ancient practice used to promote health by tapping into the body’s energy system. It is a safe and effective form of medicine that has been practised in the East for thousands of years. In Britain today more and more people are seeking acupuncture and finding it effective for treating a variety of health related issues.
DIALECTICAL BEHAVIOUR THERAPY (DBT)
Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a type of talking therapy which was originally developed by an American psychologist named Marsha Linehan. It is based on cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), but has been adapted to meet the particular needs of people who experience emotions very intensely. It is mainly used to treat problems associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD), such as: repeated self harming, attempting suicide, using drugs or alcohol to control emotions, eating problems, such as binge eating and purging and unstable relationships.
CranioSacral Therapy (CST) is a hands-on holistic therapy, where the touch is gentle, non-invasive and usually subtle. It is a powerful therapy that affects the central nervous system to assist in improving the efficiency of the whole body.
CST evaluates and treats the CranioSacral system, which includes the bones from the Cranium the membranes and the fluid surrounding the brain.
There re many techniques in CST covering the whole body in an holistic way , physically treating the body as well as working on many levels of awareness such as emotions; feelings and sensations; there is a ‘protocol’ of a series of steps that usually happen on a first treatment, although nothing is set in stone.